Sonar Sensor (HC-SR04)

Sonar Sensor (HC-SR04)
Sonar Sensor (HC-SR04) Sonar Sensor (HC-SR04) Sonar Sensor (HC-SR04)

Sonar Sensor, Ultrasonic Transducer, Ultrasonic Range Finder, Distant Measurement Sensor (HC-SR04)


Ultrasonic transducers are transducers that convert ultrasound waves to electrical signals or vice versa. Those that both transmit and receive may also be called ultrasound transceivers; many ultrasound sensors besides being sensors are indeed transceivers because they can both sense and transmit. These devices work on a principle similar to that of transducers used in radar and sonar systems, which evaluate attributes of a target by interpreting the echoes from radio or sound waves, respectively. Active ultrasonic sensors generate high-frequency sound waves and evaluate the echo which is received back by the sensor, measuring the time interval between sending the signal and receiving the echo to determine the distance to an object. Passive ultrasonic sensors are basically microphones that detect ultrasonic noise that is present under certain conditions, convert it to an electrical signal, and report it to a computer.

Ultrasonic probes and ultrasonic baths are used to apply sound energy to agitate particles in a wide range of laboratory applications; See Sonication.

Technology

An ultrasonic transducer is a device that converts AC into ultrasound, as well as the reverse, sound into AC. In ultrasonics, the term typically refers to piezoelectric transducers or capacitive transducers. Piezoelectric crystals change size and shape when a voltage is applied; AC voltage makes them oscillate at the same frequency and produce ultrasonic sound. Capacitive transducers use electrostatic fields between a conductive diaphragm and a backing plate.

Specifications:

  • Using IO trigger for at least 10us high level signal
  • The Module automatically sends eight 40 kHz and detect whether there is a pulse signal back
  • IF the signal back, through high level ,time of high output IO duration is the time from sending ultrasonic to returning. Test distance = (high level time velocity of sound (340M/S) /2
  • Power supply :5V DC, quiescent current : <2mA,effectualangle: <15 ranging distance : 2cm~500 cm resolution : 0.3 cm

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Tags: Sonar